Here are some of the most common. Specific Learning Disability (SLD): A disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using spoken or written language, that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell or to do mathematical calculations. A formal process that parents and schools go through when they cannot agree on something related to special education services. According to Grima-Farrell, Bain and McDonagh (2011, p. 118), “Inclusive education represents a whole-school concern and works to align special education with general education in a If a child has Tourette's syndrome, symptoms tend to appear between the ages of 3-10 years old. Intellectual Disability (ID): Significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning, existing simultaneously with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. Print this page. Universal Screening Tool: A test that can correctly identify students who are struggling with grade-level concepts or skills. var ka = document.createElement('script'); ka.async=true; ka.id="ka_tracker"; ka.src="http://savoy-prod.heroku.com/ka.js"; They are also available regarding hearing impairments and amplification. Source: NICHCY http://nichcy.org/disability/specific/adhd, Augmentative and Alternative Communication Device (AAC): AAC includes all forms of communication (other than oral speech) that are used to express thoughts, needs, wants, and ideas. Special Education Terms. Related services is the term for those services a disabled child needs in order to benefit from special education. Get our latest COVID-19 advice. Student may receive instruction from both a general education teacher and a special education teacher. Classes consist of more then 50% of the student’s day. This committee advises school administration and local school boards regarding the plan for special education, assists with parent education and promotes public awareness of individuals with special needs. Special Education Terms. There are some differences in terminology in schools across Ontario, and the most common terms are included. Home/Hospital Instruction: Students with verified medical conditions, which prevent them from attending school, may receive services on a temporary basis in the home or hospital with a physician’s referral. Source: Medline Plus http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001912.htm. Resource Specialists: Provide instructional planning and support and direct services to students who needs have been identified in an IEP and are assigned to general education classrooms for the majority of their school day. Fri, Feb 12, 2021 Lunar New Year. The questions are designed to help educators differentiate between students performing below grade level because of cognitive disabilities and those who do so for other reasons. No Child Left Behind (NCLB): The current reauthorization of President Lyndon Johnson’s Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA), passed in 2001 and implemented in 2002, the purpose of which was to raise achievement and close achievement gaps. They help these patients develop, recover and improve the skills needed for daily living and working. All students, including those in special education programs, must demonstrate adequate yearly progress, until 2014 when the law assumes all students have met the standards. A The term is also used for a state’s evaluation of each district’s compliance with mandates of IDEA and state special education code. Facebook. Created by. An independent educational evaluation means an evaluation conducted by a qualified examiner who is not employed by the school district. They may make a recommendation for a special education evaluation. Education is one of them. It is not, however, a currently accepted practice to refer to individuals with intellectual disabilities as mentally retarded. The goal of SPED is to help students with disabilities learn. Performance-Based Tests: Evaluations, such as the Woodcock Johnson, Third Edition (WJIII) or the Wechsler Individual Achievement Test (WIAT), that are used to help determine a child’s eligibility for special education services. If a child does not respond to the initial interventions, more focused interventions are used to help the child master the skill. Intelligence Quotient (IQ): One of the measures used to determine eligibility for special education services. Annual Review (AR): The yearly meeting of the individualized education program (IEP) team (or called ARD committee in some states). A. Ginny Maiwald, Director Lily Prudhomme Admin. Discrete Trial Training (DTT): A part of applied behavioral analysis (ABA) in which a skill is broken down into its most basic components so that these components may be taught one at a time. Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC): An individual intelligence test, usually administered by the school psychologist, which measures a student’s intelligence in a variety of areas, including linguistic and spatial intelligence. Resource Specialist Program (RSP): Term used to describe a program that provides instruction, materials and support services to students with identified disabilities who are assigned to general classroom for more than 50% of their school day. The district of residence may assess the student to determine if the student qualifies for special education. Spell. Orthopedic Impairment (OI): Physical disabilities which could affect the academic process. Source: Positive Environments, Network of Trainers http://www.pent.ca.gov/beh/bsp/bsp.htm. Non-public school placement is sought only after efforts to find appropriate placement in public schools have been exhausted. Students overlooked for special education. School professionals often consider the student’s behavior to be a “choice” rather than a manifestation of their disability. A universal screening tool is used as part of the RTI process. The file may contain evaluations and information about a child’s disability and placement. Special Education Glossary. Public expense means the school district pays for the full cost of the evaluation and that it is provided at no cost to the parent. ASL American Sign Language . In addition, parents must be offered evaluation plans and individualized education plans (IEPs) in their native language before giving informed consent. Widening Gap: The gap between what a child with a disability knows and what his or her peers know, which widens as he or she advances to higher grades. Why are Students now in the Least Restrictive Environment? The term does not include deaf-blindness. Transition IEP: IDEA mandates that at age 16, the IEP must include a statement about transition including goals for post-secondary activities and the services needed to achieve these goals. (a) General. Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA): A technique for correcting behavior and social skill deficits in children with special needs. It details a child’s current levels of functioning, specific needs and goals for treatment (referred to as outcomes). Student Baseline: A student’s starting point, determined by data collected through universal screening tools. Occupational Therapists: Provide consultation and support to staff to improve a student’s educational performance related to fine motor, gross motor and sensory integration development. Observational records are a common element of an assessment plan. The remainder of the day is in a special education classroom. simplified standards. Academic Assessment is a process undertaken by the classroom teacher to assist in determining the strengths and needs of a student.An academic assessment may consist of an examination of written school records, discussion with parents and appropriate school personnel, observation of the student and analysis of daily work samples. This is also known as a "resource room." Here are key IEP and special education terms and abbreviations you may see and hear. The term highly qualified is not always synonymous with state certification. Autism (AU): A developmental disability caused by a physical disorder of the brain appearing during the first three years of life. Examples include, extended time, different test format, and alterations to a classroom. State Specific Special Education Acronyms. “Stay Put” Law: A law which states that a parent can request that a child remain in his or her current educational placement while an IEP or offer of FAPE is in dispute. Accommodations: Specific and individualized instructional, environmental and assessment teaching strategies required for a student to meet curriculum expectations for a grade/course. Obsessions are intrusive ideas, thoughts or images while compulsions are repetitive behaviors or mental acts that the child feels they must perform. Behavior Management: Responding to, preventing and de-escalating disruptive behavior. Common problems, concerns, and terminology in special education Lawyer Manual. There are many strategies to meet all student needs, even when some students’ needs are different than their classmates. Explore the Department. Special Education Chapters 1,2,3,4,12 & 13. var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(ka, s); They must be relevant, specific and measurable. Get our latest COVID-19 advice. Source: Massachusetts Department of Elementary & Secondary Education http://www.doe.mass.edu/sped/links/learndisability.html. CP causes uncontrollable reflex movements and muscle tightness and may cause problems in balance and depth perception. Learn. accommodations: services or supports used to enable a student to fully access the subject matter and instruction. Special Olympics; Special Education Glossary. Specific learning disabilities include conditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia and developmental aphasia. Bipolar Disorders: Characterized by cycles of mania alternating with depression. Every state has the freedom to define AYP. These interventions are designed to help individuals with special … [LINK to Multiple Disabilities]. §300.39 Special education. Main Office Info. Accommodations are determined by the IEP Team and are documented in the student IEP Team report. Before 2004 this part of the IEP was called present levels of performance; the current term is present levels of academic achievement and functional performance (PLAAFP). Pros of Using Labels in Education System. Least Restrictive Environment (LRE): The placement of a special needs student in a manner promoting the maximum possible interaction with the general school population. Special Education Terminology and Disability Categories T he world of special education can seem like “alphabet soup” with the myriad of acro - nyms that abound. All three of these acronyms refer to the same thing. An AAC device is a tool that uses a non-speech mode of communication to augment spoken language. shared set of evidence If your child has an IEP, PLOP serves as the starting point, or baseline, for the coming year’s IEP. Special Education Glossary Robin Lipp 2017-11-20T01:11:24-05:00 Special Education Glossary Navigating the various terms that come up in discussions about special education can be difficult, so our special education attorneys organized the below glossary to help parents. CI Cognitive Impairment. Anxiety in Children: Defined as extreme agitation, filled with tension and dread. Source: AccessIT http://www.washington.edu/accessit/articles?109, Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD): An out-of-date term that was previously used to describe children who have difficulty paying attention, but are not significantly impulsive or hyperactive. Inclusion, Inclusive Classroom: The term inclusion communicates an all-embracing societal ideology. Cut through the confusion by becoming familiar with the medical, psychological, legal and educational terms often used in educational settings. Changes in how test is administered that do not substantially alter what the test measures; includes changes in presentation format, response format, test setting or test timing. var _kaq = _kaq || []; BIP Behavior Intervention Plan . Source: University of Michigan Health System http://www.med.umich.edu/yourchild/topics/devmile.htm. Hearing Impairment: Full or partial decrease in the ability to detect or understand sounds. Advertisement. Admission, Review and Dismissal (ARD): The name given to the committee used in some states (in other states not using the term ARD, they are called IEP teams or IEP committees) that is responsible for the development and review of a child’s individualized education plan (IEP), evaluation and re-evaluation, functional behavioral analysis (FBA), and behavior intervention plan (BIP). Education is one of them. RTI strategies address both learning and behavior. Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA): A problem solving process for addressing inappropriate behavior. These tests are designed to provide an overview of a child’s academic performance, basic cognitive functioning and/or his or her current strengths or weaknesses; they can also test hearing and vision. Related Topics. Special Education Terminology. based national standards developed through state led initiatives. Common problems, concerns, and terminology in special education Lawyer Manual. IDEA (with all its subsequent modifications) is the federal law that gives children with disabilities the same right to an appropriate education as children without special needs. in Special Education, M.A.T. ID has been referred to as “Mental Retardation” (MR) in the past, and the term and its acronym may be used colloquially or on older documentation. based national standards developed through state led initiatives. This is every child’s right, even if they need special services. IEP Team: The team of qualified professionals made up of the parent, special education teacher, interpreter of test data, district representative, and general education teacher at a minimum. Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics http://www.bls.gov/ooh/healthcare/speech-language-pathologists.htm. Every field has its own lingo. These accommodations and modifications must ensure that there is no discrimination because of the child’s disability. This glossary contains key words that appear frequently in NSW Education Standards Authority syllabuses, performance descriptions and examinations. If the parent disagrees with the results of a school district's evaluation conducted on their child, they have the right to request an independent educational evaluation. FAPE: Free and Appropriate Public Education. 0. Cognitive Strategy Instruction : forms of instructions that use steps, modeling, self-regulation, verbalization and reflective thinking. Due Process: Special education term used to describe the process where parents may disagree with the program recommendations of the school district. Parent Consent: Special education term used by IDEA that states you have been fully informed in your native language or other mode of communication of all the information about the action for which you are giving consent and that you understand and agree in writing to that action. Source: NASP Resources http://www.nasponline.org/resources-and-publications/resources/mental-health/positive-behavior. The list has been divided into two parts: the first is for common special education terms (most likely used in an IEP). To read inspirational words of comfort from parents of children of special needs, or to submit your own, visit the Comfort Wall. Classroom Management: The way in which a class is arranged. Ideally, this process involves the individually planned and systematically monitored arrangement of teaching procedures, adapted equipment and materials, and accessible settings. Those who need modifications to their school day can achieve this through a 504 plan. IEP stands for Individualized Education Plan. One of the 13 categories of eligibility for an IEP. Every student is entitled to an education that is appropriate for his or her unique needs and that is provided free of charge. ADA Americans with Disabilities Act . Special Education (SPED): Term used in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) that is defined as specially designed instruction to increase the student’s chances for success. Source: NICHCY http://nichcy.org/disability/specific/hearingloss, Highly Qualified Teachers (HQT): An initiative of the No Child Left Behind Act, the federal definition of a highly qualified teacher is one who meets all of the following criteria: Fully certified and/or licensed by the state; holds at least a bachelor degree from a four-year institution; demonstrates competence in each core academic subject area in which the teacher teaches. This list won’t include EVERY single term or acronym (there are A LOT! If they do qualify, the district of residence is responsible for writing an Individualized Education Plan. Workability Program: These programs focus on preparing high school students with disabilities for successful transition to employment, continuing education and quality adult life with an emphasis on work based learning opportunities. Helps ensure that students get the service they need to succeed. Source: Washington OSPI http://www.k12.wa.us/TitleIIA/HighlyQualifiedTeachers.aspx. Cards In This Set. 1. Special education (also known as special-needs education, aided education, exceptional education, special ed., SEN or SPED) is the practice of educating students in a way that addresses their individual differences and special needs. Autism spectrum disorders include autistic disorder, Rett syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) and Asperger syndrome. SPED services may include assistive technology, accommodations, or modifications. Accommodations: Curricular adaptations that compensate for learners’ weaknesses without modifying the curriculum. Adaptations: Changes in educational environments that allow students with disabilities to participate in inclusive environments by compensating for learners’ weaknesses. Complaint Procedure: A formal complaint filed with the County or State Board of Education if a district violates a legal duty or fails to follow a requirement under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. (An acronym is an abbreviation made up of the first letters of other words in a phrase or name.) During this meeting, the IEP team meets to discuss a student’s continuing eligibility for special education services. Adapted Physical Education (APE): Specially designed physical education program, using accommodations designed to fit the needs of students who require developmental or corrective instruction in PE. Bella Abdurachmanov - May 8, 2017. However, IDEA gives only 60 days to complete an evaluation from the time a parent gives permission. Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA): A study of the causes of a child’s behaviors in order to eliminate negative behaviors and replace them with appropriate ones. Navigation Menu. Extended School Year Services (ESY): An extended school year is a component of special education services for students with unique needs who require services in excess of the regular academic year. Autism is defined by a certain set of behaviors and is a “spectrum disorder” that affects individuals differently and to varying degrees. contentious term that challenges educators and educational systems to think about the work of teaching and learning in different ways and from varied perspectives. CBM can involve checklists or oral questions which the teacher uses to gauge student understanding and skill in a particular curriculum. Extended year often refers to summer school. Appropriate accommodations are made to level the playing field, i.e., to provide equal opportunity to … Wrightslaw Glossary of Special Education and Legal Terms. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Day: Schools Closed. Developmental and Social History: A narrative assessment formulated by a child’s classroom teacher, parents, pediatrician and school specialists, focusing on issues such as the child’s health history, developmental milestones, genetic factors, friendships, family relationships, hobbies, behavioral issues and academic performance. Students receiving accommodations read the same material and take the same tests as their peers without disabilities. Key dates for schools . Write. Students with behavioral problems are often overlooked for special education. Parents have the right to inspect these files at any time. Occupational Therapist (OT): A professional who treats patients with injuries, illnesses or disabilities through the therapeutic use of everyday activities. H328R080001-10A, Regional Parent … Acquisition Deficit: A type of social skills deficit that stems from a lack of knowledge: a child does not understand a skill, and thus cannot master it. Parents should know that IDEA is not just about test scores. There is no longer an ADD diagnosis. Physical Therapist (PT): Professionals who help people who have injuries or illnesses improve their movement and manage their pain. Severe cases can result in mental retardation, seizures or vision and hearing problems. ), the combination of which causes such severe educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in a special education program solely for one of the impairments. Community Advisory Committee (CAC): A committee whose membership includes parents of school children, school personnel and representatives of the public. (1) Special education means specially designed instruction, at no cost to the parents, to meet the unique needs of a child with a disability, including— (i) Instruction conducted in the classroom, in the home, in hospitals and institutions, and in other settings; and (ii) Instruction in physical education. The term includes both partial sight and blindness. Observational Records: Information about a child’s academic performance provided by anyone who works with a child. However, teachers that provide special education programs and services have a variety of titles, including Learning Support Teacher (LST), Student Support Teachers (SST) and Special Education Resource Teacher (SERT) depending on the school board. Curriculum-Based Measurements (CBM): Small, regular evaluations used to determine how well a student is learning in various subject areas. ABCs are used to record what happened just before a behavior, a description of the behavior itself and the consequence of the behavior. Common Lesson Planning Terms Used in Special Education Adaptation : to accommodate or modify text to fit a student's learning needs or reading ability. Using the politically correct terms for students with disabilities enables students to be seen as individuals with value rather than individuals with problems. Mon, Feb 01, 2021 Professional Development Day. Vision Specialists: Provide consultation and support to staff and direct instructional support to students with visual impairments. Special Education Acronyms and Terms. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder(OCD): OCD is an anxiety disorder that presents itself as recurrent, persistent obsessions or compulsions. This is also known as a "resource room." Cut Point, Cut Scores: Scores on screening tools, usually selected by a school district, that are used to determine whether or not a student needs additional testing or intervention. Special Day Class (SDC): Term used to describe a self contained special education class which provides services to students with intensive needs that cannot be met by the general education program, RSP or DIS program. All Rights Reserved. (IDEA)Cumulative File: The records maintained by the local school district for any child enrolled in school. Traumatic Brain Injury: An acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment. Individualized Education Program (IEP): A legal document that defines special education services between the school district and the parents. This list won’t include EVERY single term or acronym (there are A LOT! Modifications: Curricular adaptations that compensate for learners’ weaknesses by changing or lowering expectations or standards. SPECIAL EDUCATION SUPPLEMENT GLOSSARY Access Program for Students with Intellectual Disabilities: The special education program for high school students with disabilities who are significantly cognitively disabled and are in Mild, Moderate or Severe and Profound classes. Disability: Physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities. Source: NICHCY http://nichcy.org/disability/specific/emotionaldisturbance, Emotional or Behavioral Disturbance (EBD): A condition exhibiting one or more specific emotional and/or behavioral difficulties over a long period of time and to a marked degree, which adversely affects educational performance. Tourette's Syndrome: Disorder that includes multiple motor and one or more vocal tics, which occur many times per day, nearly daily. 504 Plan: The 504 Plan is a plan developed to ensure that a child who has a disability identified under the Rehabilitation Act and is attending an elementary or secondary educational institution receives accommodations that will ensure their academic success and access to the learning environment. Private School: There are new laws regulating the rights of students with disabilities whose parents place them in private schools. For the definitions of special education terms used by your local school board you can check the school board website. Placement options are offered on a continuum including regular classroom with no support services, regular classroom with support services, designated instruction services, special day classes and private special education programs. Assessment or Evaluation: Term used to describe the testing and diagnostic processes leading up to the development of an appropriate IEP for a student with special education needs. This can entail using a scatter plot form to show the behavior’s frequency and time of day, as well as using an antecedent-behavioral-consequences chart (ABC). Native Language: The first language of an individual. By. Distance Learning. It is based on the understanding that children are more likely to repeat desired behaviors when these behaviors are met with positive reinforcement, and that they are less likely to repeat undesirable behaviors that are not rewarded. Guess what? Visual Impairment (VI): An impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child’s educational performance. ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder . Term dates. Source: Autism Speaks http://www.autismspeaks.org/what-autism. It is challenging enough for specialists in the field to stay abreast of the terminology, and even more daunting for school counselors and parents to do so. Arrangement of teaching procedures used by educators to help students who are with!, review and dismissal ( ARD ) Team anyone who works with a by! Searches for and evaluates children who may have a disability about how obtain. Presents itself as recurrent, persistent obsessions or compulsions IQ ): a more common term is evaluation... Used term special educational needs and was set out in the least Restrictive Environment before age 18, illnesses disabilities..., dyslexia and developmental aphasia compensating for learners ’ weaknesses without modifying the curriculum of AD/HD as. 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